The Sudeten and Carpathian mountain ranges are located on either side of Poland's southern border. Within Poland, neither of these ranges is forbidding enough to prevent substantial habitation; the Carpathians are especially densely populated.The rugged form of the Sudeten range derives from the geological shifts that formed the later Carpathian uplift.The Carpathians in Poland, formed as a discrete topographical unit in the relatively recent Tertiary Era, are the highest mountains in the country.They are the northernmost edge of a much larger range that extends into the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Hungary, and Romania. The Świętokrzyskie Mountains, one of the oldest mountain ranges in Europe, are located in central Poland, in the vicinity of the city of Kielce.The mountain range consists of a number of separate ranges, the highest of which is Łysogóry (lit.
bald mountains).Together with the Jura Krakowsko-Częstochowska the mountains form a region called the Lesser Poland Upland (Wyżyna Małopolska).They were formed during the Caledonian orogeny of the Silurian period and then rejuvenated in the Hercynian orogeny of the Upper Carboniferous period. The most known and significant mountain in Poland are the Tatra Mountains which attract many tourists from Poland and its neighbouring states.
The Tatras lie in the temperate zone of Central Europe.
They are an important barrier to the movements of air masses.Their mountainous topography causes one of the most diverse climates in that region. Winds The average wind speed on the summits is 6 m/s. Maximum wind speed 288 km/h (179 mph) (6 May 1968). On 19 November 2004, large parts of the forests in the southern Slovak part of the High Tatras were damaged by a strong wind storm.
Temperature Temperatures range from ?40 °C (?40 °F) in the winter to 33 °C (91 °F) in warmer months.Temperatures also vary depending on altitude and sun exposure of a given slope.
Temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) last for 192 days on the summits. Precipitation Highest precipitation figures are recorded on the northern slopes.
Precipitation occurs from 215 to 228 days a year.
Thunderstorms occur 36 days a year on average.